When sending contractual notices and other communications it is important to consider the contractual and/or statutory provisions regarding the form the communications should take.

For example, NEC requires that ‘communication which the contract requires is communicated in a form which can be read, copied and recorded.’ JCT provides that notices and other communications shall be in writing and can be ‘sent or transmitted by the means … as the Parties have agreed’ in the contract. Under the Construction Contracts Act 2013, if the parties do not agree on the manner for delivery of notices, then the notices can be

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On occasion when a referring party in an adjudication process seeks leave to enforce an adjudicator’s decision, the responding party will argue that due to the referring party’s poor financial standing, it will not be able to repay the amount awarded if it subsequently transpires in arbitration or litigation proceedings that the sum directed to be paid was not in fact due and owing.

The circumstances in which the enforcement of an adjudicator’s decision will be stayed due to the finances of the referring party is an issue which has yet to be resolved by the Irish courts. The

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On 19 April 2024, the Irish High Court delivered judgment in McGill Construction Ltd v Blue Whisp Ltd [2024] IEHC 205. The key issues before the court were whether the adjudicator had jurisdiction to determine a preliminary issue in respect of their own jurisdiction and what constitutes valid grounds to resist the enforcement of an adjudicator’s decision under the Construction Contracts Act 2013 (the Act).

The court considered that as an exception to the general principle that an adjudicator does not have jurisdiction to make a determination to their own jurisdiction, the parties can, ‘by agreement’, confer

Continue Reading Kompetenz-Kompetenz and new grounds of opposition to enforcement


The annual reports from the Chairperson of the Construction Contracts Adjudication Panel indicate that, to date, adjudicators have dealt with some large value disputes. For example, in 2021 the amounts in dispute in four adjudications were over €10m. Of course, the amount in dispute does not automatically mean that the dispute is overly complex. A smaller disputed amount may give rise to more complex issues.

As adjudication is a speedy process, the question arises as to whether a dispute may be too large or complex for adjudication. To date, this matter has not been dealt with by the Irish

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The adjudication process moves quickly. Whether you are making or defending a claim, it is important to deal with the process efficiently. Using the process efficiently has several benefits, including, producing more robust, focused and cross-referenced adjudication documentation together with time and cost savings.

There is awareness amongst those involved in construction disputes that having contemporaneous documentation is vital. However, it is important that the documentation is accessible and filed in a logical file structure. Many contractors and sub-contractors have very sophisticated document management systems while others may use less sophisticated systems. From our perspective, no matter what system is

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This blog post may be of interest to our clients involved in construction adjudications in England and Wales. Under s108(1) of the Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996 (E&W) (Act) a party to a construction contract has the right to refer a dispute to adjudication. As reference to ‘dispute’ is in the singular, each matter referred consists of one dispute unless the parties otherwise agree. However, a dispute can contain multiple sub-issues, for example, a dispute concerning several variations.

An issue sometimes arises where a Referring Party makes a claim by arguing that (1) a valid payment

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As we approach the end of 2023, we look back at the main developments in relation to adjudication. The year saw further clarity brought to the Construction Contracts Act 2013 (the ‘Act’) with the High Court delivering judgment in three cases concerning adjudication. There is undoubted support from the High Court regarding the adjudication process.

The year saw something for all involved in adjudication. Parties to the adjudication process can have confidence that should enforcement proceedings be necessary, the court will deal with enforcement swiftly. In one matter the enforcement procedure took under one month from start to finish.

Continue Reading Adjudication: The Year in Review

The Technology and Construction Court in England and Wales recently dealt with an interesting point in relation to the enforcement of an adjudicator’s decision in favour of a dormant company. The judgment may be of interest to those involved in adjudication in Ireland as it demonstrates the issues that can arise with dormant companies in the context of adjudication.

In WRB (NI) Limited v Henry Construction Projects Limited [2023] EWHC 278 (TCC), the parties entered a construction contract in relation to a development in North London. Henry Construction Projects Limited (‘Henry’) was the main contractor and engaged WRB

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The NEC suite of contracts are becoming more widespread in Ireland; therefore, it is of interest when the courts in England and Wales provide clarification on their interpretation. Under NEC if a party is not satisfied with an adjudicator’s decision, it may within four weeks of the decision issue a notice of dissatisfaction to the other party, otherwise the adjudicator’s decision becomes final and binding.

On occasion an issue may arise as to whether the notice of dissatisfaction is valid. This is what happened in Ravestein BV v Trant Engineering Limited [2023] EWHC 11 (TCC). In Ravestein the parties entered

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When adjudication was first introduced in the United Kingdom, some were sceptical about its prospects. However, shortly after the introduction of adjudication, in Macob Civil Engineering Ltd v Morrison Construction Limited,[1] the courts gave support to the process and since then adjudication has become a mainstay for resolving construction disputes. Indeed, more recently the Supreme Court of England and Wales in Bresco Electrical Services Limited (in Liquidation) v Lonsdale[2] has noted that although adjudication is one of a spectrum of dispute resolution mechanisms which range from negotiation at one end, through to mediation and arbitration / litigation

Continue Reading Adjudication as a mainstream dispute resolution mechanism